J4 ›› 2010, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 1065-1070+1124.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-2400.2010.06.015

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1. 西安电子科技大学 雷达信号处理国家重点实验室,陕西 西安  710071;
    2. 西安工程大学 电子与信息学院,陕西 西安  710048)
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-07 出版日期:2010-12-20 发布日期:2011-01-22
  • 通讯作者: 张龙
  • 作者简介:张龙(1975-),男,西安电子科技大学博士研究生,E-mail: Zhanglong@mail.xidian.edu.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    博士点基金资助项目(20090203120013); 国家部委预研基金资助项目(9140C0102100902);陕西省自然科学基金资助项目(2009JQ8022, 2009ZKC02-13);陕西省教育厅自然科学专项资助项目(09JK468);西安工程大学基础研究资助项目(09XG06)

Research on the ISAR imaging used statistical RELAX method

ZHANG Long1,2;LI Ya-chao1;SU Jun-hai1;XING Meng-dao1   

  1. (1. National Lab. of Radar Signal Processing, Xidian Univ., Xi'an  710071, China;
    2. College of Elec. and Info., Xi'an Polytechnic Univ., Xi'an  710048, China)
  • Received:2009-12-07 Online:2010-12-20 Published:2011-01-22
  • Contact: ZHANG Long


针对在传统超分辨ISAR成像中仅依靠能量判断距离单元中的散射点数目可能会引起虚假点或散射点漏检的问题,提出了一种统计RELAX超分辨ISAR成像方法,该方法充分将目标所处环境的背景噪声与杂波的统计信息用于散射点的提取中,按照期望的虚警率设置检测门限,对所有的距离单元的回波信号进行高斯性检测, 确定存在散射点的距离单元, 最后利用统计RELAX超分辨技术进行散射点的提取并最终成像.实测数据的处理结果验证了该方法的虚假点远少于传统方法, 并且可充分表现目标的几何细节特征.

关键词: 高斯性检测, 逆合成孔径雷达成像, 统计RELAX, 虚警概率


For ISAR Super-resolution imaging, using energy as the detection threshold to judge the number of scatterers in the range cell can result in fake scatterers or missing detection. Aiming at solving these problem, a statistical Relax super-resolution (S-Relax) imaging method is proposed. The statistical characteristic of background noise and clutters is investigated, and then Gaussian test is performed to all range cells by using the presetting desired probability of the false rate (PFA). Finally, scatterers are extracted by the S-Relax method and a high resolution ISAR image is generated. Experimental results indicate that the number of fake scatterers by the S-Relax method is considerably less than that by conventional Relax methods and the details of a target can be represented by the proposed method.

Key words: Gaussianity test, ISAR imaging, statistical relax, probability false alarm (PFA)