Journal of Xidian University ›› 2023, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (6): 62-74.doi: 10.19665/j.issn1001-2400.20231005

• Special Issue on Elctromagnetic Space Security • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Multi-scale convolutional attention network for radar behavior recognition

XIONG Jingwei(),PAN Jifei(),BI Daping(),DU Mingyang()   

  1. College of Electronic Engineering,National University of Defense Technology,Hefei 230000,China
  • Received:2023-03-07 Online:2023-12-20 Published:2024-01-22


A radar behavior mode recognition framework is proposed aiming at the problems of difficult feature extraction and low recognition stability of the radar signal under a low signal-to-noise ratio,which is based on depth-wise convolution,multi-scale convolution and the self-attention mechanism.It improves the recognition ability in complex environment without increasing the difficulty of training.This algorithm employs depth-wise convolution to segregate weakly correlated channels in the shallow network.Subsequently,it utilizes multi-scale convolution to replace conventional convolution for multi-dimensional feature extraction.Finally,it employs a self-attention mechanism to adjust and optimize the weights of different feature maps,thus suppressing the influence of low and negative correlations in both channels and the spatial domains.Comparative experiments demonstrate that the proposed MSCANet achieves an average recognition rate of 92.25% under conditions of 0~50% missing pulses and false pulses.Compared to baseline networks such as AlexNet,ConvNet,ResNet,and VGGNet,the accuracy has been improved by 5% to 20%.The model exhibits stable recognition of various radar patterns and demonstrates enhanced generalization and robustness.Simultaneously,ablation experiments confirm the effectiveness of deep grouped convolution,multi-scale convolution,and the self-attention mechanism for radar behavior recognition.

Key words: deep learning, machine learning, mode recognition, depth-wise convolution, multiscale convolution, self-attention mechanism

CLC Number: 

  • TN971